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Disease X-19 from Michael Novakhov - Covid-19 News Review

Covid-19-Review: Covid-19-Review – 8:50 AM 7/1/2020 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks


Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks
8:33 AM 7/1/2020 – The #Covid19 #MunichCluster appears to be the #source of #infection as indicated by the #D614GMutation, and it has to be in the forefront of the #Epidemiological and #Criminal #Investigations of the #DiseaseX19
6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin
30/06/20 06:29 | The Munich Cluster of Covid-19 – GS | SARS-CoV-2 has been circulating in northern Italy since December 2019: evidence from environmental monitoring | Covid-19 The Munich Cluster Mutation: D614G |
Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military: Did the Military World Games Spread COVID-19?
The Coronavirus Pandemics Wider Health-Care Crisis
Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test: FBI warns of fake COVID-19 antibody tests
Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test: Beware of fake coronavirus antibody tests, the FBI warns
Google Alert – sars cov 2: Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests
Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests
Mutated version of the coronavirus ‘has stronger spike proteins’
Russian bounties resulted in deaths of U.S. troops, according to intelligence assessments
The Mafia Cashes In On COVID Fears With Fake Black-Market Tests
Scammers using fake antibody test to steal information, FBI warns
10:06 AM 6/29/2020 – Another Spanish Study, from the La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain: “An association between acral skin disease and COVID-19 has yet to be proved.” | Are the Covid Toes, Fingers and body rash the symptoms of the African Swine Fever in Humans? – GS | Is “COVID-19” the combination of Co-Infections, constructed in Russian Mafia’s BioLabs? – GS
Assessment of Acute Acral Lesions in a Case Series of Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic | Adolescent Medicine | JAMA Dermatology
Brown rat – Wikipedia
A race to determine what drives COVID-19 severity
Germany Looks Past an Unpredictable U.S. in Setting EUs Future – Bloomberg
Germany Looks Past an Unpredictable U.S. in Setting EUs Future
Did Covid-19 come from clandestine bioweapons lab run by Mafia? | Disease X-19 News Review In Brief – 6:24 AM 6/29/2020
gene editing – Google Search
Inside the Georgian lab accused of testing biological weapons – YouTube
Inside The US Government’s Top-Secret Bioweapons Lab – YouTube
sewer rat – Google Search
A new mutation makes it easier for the coronavirus to infect people
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Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks
8:33 AM 7/1/2020 – The #Covid19 #MunichCluster appears to be the #source of #infection as indicated by the #D614GMutation, and it has to be in the forefront of the #Epidemiological and #Criminal #Investigations of the #DiseaseX19

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Covid-19-Review.



The #Covid19 #MunichCluster appears to be the #source of #infection as indicated by the #D614GMutation, and it has to be in the front of the #Epidemiological and #Criminal #Investigations of the #DiseaseX19

8:33 AM 7/1/2020

The
Covid-19 Munich Cluster appears to be the source of infection as indicated by the D614G Mutation, and it has to be in the forefront of the Epidemiological and Criminal Investigations of the Disease X-19 – GS



Michael Novakhov – Posts on Twitter – 250 | Page 
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» mikenov on Twitter: tribuneindia.com/news/nation/gr
01/07/20 08:26 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
tribuneindia.com/news/nation/gr Posted by mikenov on Wednesday, July 1st, 2020 11:26am mikenov on Twitter
» mikenov on Twitter: » Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders: Groom dies, over 100 test positive for Covid after wedding in Bihar01/07/20 00:18 from Disease X-19 google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t
01/07/20 08:24 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
» Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders: Groom dies, over 100 test positive for Covid after wedding in Bihar 01/07/20 00:18 from Disease X-19 google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t Pos…
» mikenov on Twitter: Covid-19-Review: 6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Hom… covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/635-pm
30/06/20 19:49 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Covid-19-Review: 6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Hom… covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/635-pm Posted by mikenov on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 10:49pm mikenov on Twitter
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @FFRAFAction: Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under grow
30/06/20 17:55 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under growing criticism over right-wing extremism in its ranks. << So many Nazis in *German* elite forces they must b…
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @YahooNews: Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika htt
30/06/20 17:54 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika yhoo.it/2NIEUFC pic.twitter.com/C21leQ2irg Posted by YahooNews on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8
:30pm Retweeted by miken…
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @CBSNews: Iconic lion statues outside New York Public Library wear giant face masks, reminding others to do the same https://t.co/JCw8Jk
30/06/20 17:53 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Iconic lion statues outside New York Public Library wear giant face masks, reminding others to do the same cbsn.ws/2YM630R Posted by CBSNews on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:39pm Retweeted by mikenov on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:53pm 1175 …
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @thehill: Question: “Do you think Russia should be allowed back into the G7?”Sen. Mitch McConnell: “Absolutely not.” https://t.co/zxqq
30/06/20 17:53 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Question: “Do you think Russia should be allowed back into the G7?” Sen. Mitch McConnell: “Absolutely not.”  hill.cm/ZalyTHx pic.twitter.com/5y5ARTOXor Posted by thehill on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:40pm Retweeted by mikenov on Tuesday,…
6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Covid-19-Review.










6:35 PM 6/30/2020

Disease X-19 News Review – from Michael Novakhov
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Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (16 sites) 
Covid-19 Review: The Pandemic As The Bio-Info-Weapon: Saved Stories None: Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin NBC 10 Philadelphia

Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin  < span style="color: #6f6f6f;">NBC 10 Philadelphia
 Saved Stories None



Covid-19 Review: The Pandemic As The Bio-Info-Weapon

Covid-19 Review: The Pandemic As The Bio-Info-Weapon: Saved Stories None: Trumps ties to Putin under fresh scrutiny in wake of Russia bounty reports The Guardian



Covid-19 Review: The Pandemic As The Bio-Info-Weapon

Disease X-19 Symptoms from Michael_Novakhov (16 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms: Lyme disease, coronavirus, EEE to create ‘perfect storm’ this summer

Lyme disease, coronavirus, EEE to create ‘perfect storm’ this summer … can progress to neurologic symptoms such as confusion or behavior changes.

 Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms

Disease X-19 Symptoms from Michael_Novakhov (16 sites)
Saved Stories – Disease X-19: Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Navy: Covid swamps Trump Country

Welcome to POLITICO Nightly: Coronavirus Special Edition. … Still scarred by the relentless U.S. infection numbers I started by keeping my mask on. … by the Coast Guard and Navy, which has two facilities in Jacksonville, ordering …

 Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Navy

Saved Stories – Disease X-19
Saved Stories – Disease X-19: Google Alert – Coronavirus and white supremacy: ‘Black communities were essentially already sick before coronavirus’: Pandemic highlights …

‘Black communities were essentially already sick before coronavirus’: … deeply rooted disease in this country: Structural racism and white supremacy.

 Google Alert – Coronavirus and white supremacy

Saved Stories – Disease X-19
Saved Stories – Disease X-19: Google Alert – Coronavirus and cyber attacks: Australia recruits 500 cyber spies as China tensions rise

He did not name the nation responsible for the attacks but cyber security … call for an inquiry into the origins of the Covid-19 outbreak in Wuhan.

 Google Alert – Coronavirus and cyber attacks

Saved Stories – Disease X-19
Saved Stories – Disease X-19: Google Alert – Coronavirus and cyber attacks: Australia Spending Nearly $1 Billion on Cyberdefense as China Tensions Rise

SYDNEY, Australia Confronting a surge of cyberattacks attributed to the … It follows what Prime Minister Scott Morrison has described as a sharp … by calling for an international inquiry into the roots of the coronavirus outbreak.

 Google Alert – Coronavirus and cyber attacks

Saved Stories – Disease X-19
30/06/20 06:29 | The Munich Cluster of Covid-19 – GS | SARS-CoV-2 has been circulating in northern Italy since December 2019: evidence from environmental monitoring | Covid-19 The Munich Cluster Mutation: D614G |

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Covid-19-Review.



This coronavirus mutation has taken over the world. Scientists are trying to understand why. A mutation that seems trivial could be making the virus spread more easily.
<a href=”http://washingtonpost.com” rel=”nofollow”>washingtonpost.com</a>




D614G mutation in the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein – GS


Spike protein mutation takes over

A mutation in the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus changes just one amino acid in a chain of about 1,300, but it might make a difference in how the virus attacks human cells. 

The mutation (called D614G), which first appeared in January, is found in what has become the dominant variant of the coronavirus.

New weekly samples in Nextrains global subsample
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https://covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/300620-0629-from-disease-x-19-from.html

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Selected Stories

» mikenov on Twitter: SARS-CoV-2 has been circulating in northern Italy since December 2019: evidence from environmental monitoring | medRxiv medrxiv.org/content/10.110
29/06/20 20:37 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)


SARS-CoV-2 has been circulating in northern Italy since December 2019: evidence from environmental monitoring | medRxiv medrxiv.org/content/10.110 

Posted by mikenov on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 12:37am mikenov on Twitter

» Disease X-19 Origins from Michael_Novakhov (3 sites): Google Alert – Sars-Cov-2 origins: WHO to probe coronavirus origins as chief warns “worst is yet to come”
30/06/20 03:41 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
By the numbers: More than 505,500 people have died from COVID-19 and over 10.3 million have tested positive for the virus worldwide as of Tuesday … Google Alert – Sars-Cov-2 origins Disease X-19 Origins from Michael_Novakhov (3 si…


» Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants: Meat factories free of ‘active’ Covid 19 cases following raft of new measures
29/06/20 21:30 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
Meat processors insisted this week that there are no “active cases” of Covid – 19 in Irish plants and that “stringent control and mitigation measures” were … Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants Disease X-19 …

» Disease X-19 Regions from Michael_Novakhov (8 sites): Google Alert – coronavirus in italy: Italy was a cautionary tale. Now, it’s returning to normal
29/06/20 21:07 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
Months ago, the US looked on in horror as the Covid -19 outbreak devastated Italy . Now, as Italy is returning to normal, the US is experiencing a surge … Google Alert – coronavirus in italy Disease X-19 Regions from Michael_Novak…

» Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – Coronavirus: various strains and illness severity: Coronavirus: The Covid-19 mutation that has taken over the world
29/06/20 20:56 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
By May, it was found in 95 per cent of all the genomes Ozer sequenced. … Coronavirus : Covid-19’s mutations, and a mysterious illness in children * Coronavirus : ‘Highly contagious’ Covid-19 strain mutation – researchers … bind to th…

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Current Stories
» Covid-19-Review: 29/06/20 17:35 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites) Disease X-19 News Review In Brief _________________________________________ » Saved Stories – Disease X-19 – News Review: Google Alert – new york times on coronavirus: Am
30/06/20 06:29 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
Disease X-19 News Review In Brief  |  On RSS Dog <a href=”https://covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/290620-1735-from-disease-x-19-from.html” rel=”nofollow”>https://covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/290620-1735-from-disease-x-19-from.html</a> <a href=”http://feed.informer.com/digests/A9MXEJ3CMQ/feeder.rss” rel=”nofollow”>http://feed.informer.com/digests/A9MXEJ3CMQ/feeder.rss</a> <a href=”http://feed.informer.com/digests/A9MXE” rel=”nofollow”>http://feed.informer.com/digests/A9MXE</a>…
» Disease X-19 Publications from Michael_Novakhov (5 sites): Google Alert – new york times on coronavirus: What Coronavirus Researchers Can Learn From Economists
30/06/20 05:00 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
Using randomization (by, say, flipping a coin to assign patients to a new … Unfortunately, randomized trials take time which is a problem when doctors need answers now. … Patients hospitalized with critically ill Covid -19 infectio…
» Disease X-19 Symptoms from Michael_Novakhov (16 sites): Google Alert – coronavirus symptoms: COVID-19 can spread without people showing symptoms. How do we prepare for that?
30/06/20 05:00 from Disease X-19 from Michael_Novakhov (82 sites)
Goldberg and his colleagues decided they would test every resident for the coronavirus , just to be sure they were not inadvertently sending people with … Google Alert – coronavirus symptoms Disease X-19 Symptoms from Michael_Nova…
Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military: Did the Military World Games Spread COVID-19?

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Disease X-19 and Security from Michael_Novakhov (10 sites).

A strong correlation exists in COVID-19 cases reported at U.S. military facilities that are home bases of members of the U.S. team that went to Wuhan.

 Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military

The Coronavirus Pandemics Wider Health-Care Crisis

Michael_Novakhov shared this story .

Gwen Darien is a three-time cancer survivor. When she was thirty-five, she was diagnosed with lymphoma; in her fifties, she was treated for breast cancer; two years ago, she learned that she had endometrial cancer. With curly black hair and an indomitable personality, she embodies vibrancy, courage, and resilience. Even so, last month, when she received a call from her doctors office ab
out an upcoming visit, she decided to postpone it indefinitely. I was very unnerved, she told me. I thought about all the risks. First, Id have to get transportationUber or train or subway. Then Id have to walk into the doctors office, near a hospital with COVID-19 patients. Then Id have to be in the office with other people, even if they are socially distanced. Id much rather just wait.
During the pandemic, many patients and physicians have felt this kind of hesitation. Some people with chronic illnesses, fearful of entering a medical setting or even venturing outside, have stopped seeing doctors altogether. Others have tried to make appointments but found clinics closed and routine care suspended. At many hospitals, non-urgent or elective care has been postponed for months. Its difficult to say for sure what the effects of such postponements have been and will be. But statistics show that, across the United States, so-called excess deathsdeaths beyond those that are historically typicalhave surged. Although many of these deaths can be attributed to COVID-19, delayed or cancelled care is probably a contributing factor, too. An analysis of death certificates shows that a fifth of the twenty-four thousand excess deaths that occurred in New York City between March 11th and May 2nd were caused by factors other than COVID-19; according to a study currently in pre-publication review, hospitals saw a thirty-eight-per-cent drop in serious heart-attack cases in March alone, suggesting that even people with acute, life-threatening illnesses have been avoiding medical visits. (The American College of Cardiology has gone so far as to issue a statement urging people to seek medical attention if theyre having cardiac symptoms.) A nationwide survey conducted in April found that a quarter of cancer patients receiving active treatment had seen their care delayed. Ultimately, its not just people with COVID-19 who are suffering; those with other illnesses are affected by the pandemic, too.
The coronavirus crisis itself continues to deepen. Although the first peak has passed in a few major cities, cases have held steady in many parts of the country and are rising in twenty-six states. North Carolina saw its highest single-day increase in coronavirus cases on June 12th; Florida, Arizona, and Texas saw record spikes this week. Some of this growth reflects increased testing, but, in many places, deaths caused by the virus are also risinga sign that the spike is real and not a statistical artefact. The U.S. still records more than thirty thousand new cases each day; according to projections from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the national death toll could reach a hundred and forty thousand by the Fourth of July; the countrys public-health response remains scattershot, with grossly inadequate testing and contact tracing; and mass protests and planned reopenings, which are continuing despite the risks, have given the virus new breathing room. America as a whole seems to have entered a long viral plateau. The pandemic is now a rolling collection of mini-epidemics that surge and subside as the virus bobs and weaves its way across the country. It will be a long time before life returns to normal.
The persistence of the pandemic is creating serious challenges, many of them unforeseen, for the health-care system. Even before the pandemic, many hospitals were in precarious financial condition: in 2018, the average hospital had a two-per-cent operating margin and less than two months of cash on hand; the situation was worse for rural hospitals, a fifth of which were already at risk of closing due to financial problems. Having lost billions of dollars in revenue, hospitals must now figure out how to reintroduce routine care while keeping patients safe and preparing for possible surges of COVID-19. (As my colleague Atul Gawande has written, it is possible for hospitals to reopen without becoming vectors for the virus; doing so, however, requires time, resources, and personnel.) Hospitals in Massachusetts are losing $1.4 billion in revenue per month, and project total losses of five billion dollars by the end of July. The Mayo Clinic alone, which runs twenty-three hospitals nationwide, is set to lose three billion dollars this year. The American Hospital Association estimates that, altogether, U.S. hospitals are bleeding fifty billion dollars a month during the pandemic. The hundreds of thousands of doctors in independent practice have more limited capital reserves, and many may be forced to shutter their operations or merge them with others.
In the context of the economy as a whole, these losses are substantial. According to the Department of Commerce, the American economy shrank by nearly five per cent in the first quarter of 2020. Nearly half of this changethe biggest single-quarter drop since the Great Recessionhad to do with reductions in health care. In a few months time, the coronavirus has accomplished what lawmakers have been trying to do for decades: by flattening the curve of infection, we have bent the curve of health-care spending. But its been bent haphazardly, by the hurried cancellation or postponement of colonoscopies and mammograms, hip replacements and cataract surgeries, stress tests and root canalsand those unsustainable choices will have real consequences for the health of patients. As the virus continues to spread, the clinical damage will almost certainly compound.
Its vitally important, there
foreboth for the health of individuals and of the system as a wholefor doctors to resume seeing patients who dont have COVID-19. In April, medical organizations, including the American Hospital Association, began releasing road maps for the resumption of regular care; since then, governors have announced various protocols in their own states. The details vary, but the basic principles are the same: wait for a sustained reduction in COVID-19 cases; insure an adequate supply of personal protective equipment (P.P.E.); test constantly; and plan to throttle back on the expansion of services if the virus surges again. The more fine-grained question, of exactly which procedures should be prioritized and which delayed, is usually left unanswered.
Vivek Prachand, a surgeon at the University of Chicago, has been thinking about this problem since early March, when hospitals first started grappling with how to rank procedures in terms of their clinical urgency. Often, he told me, the decisions were being made by individual physicians or small committees within hospitals. It was really just surgeons saying, O.K., go ahead, or, No, we need to hold off, he said. You can imagine the emotional and ethical challenges of being in that position. He and his colleagues have developed a rubric to help guide such decisions during the pandemic, which they call the Medically Necessary, Time-Sensitive System, or MENTS.
Prachand dislikes referring to care as elective, because the term suggests that procedures are optional or unnecessary; really, elective care is just care that can be scheduled. (Setting a broken arm is urgent care; brain surgery, most of the time, isnt.) To help set the schedule, the MENTS protocol asks three kinds of questions. First, it assesses procedural factors, such as how long the surgery will take, how many clinicians will be exposed, how much P.P.E. will be used, and how likely the patient is to be intubated or require a prolonged stay in the hospital. Second, it grades the dangers presented by the problems the surgery hopes to solve, asking how bad the condition will get if doctors wait, and whether there are any effective non-surgical remedies. Finally, it sizes up how much viral risk the operation poses to the patient. Is she immunosuppressed? Does she have an underlying lung disease? What are the chances that shes already been exposed to the virus? The answers to all of these questions are combined into a formula that yields a recommendation about when the team should proceed.
Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test: FBI warns of fake COVID-19 antibody tests

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites).

Scammers have found yet another way to take advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic, by selling fake antibody tests. A real antibody test will screen …

 Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test

Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test: Beware of fake coronavirus antibody tests, the FBI warns

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites).

The FBI said this month that fraudsters are touting fake or unproven antibody tests and marketing them to people to steal Social Security numbers or …

 Google Alert – coronavirus antibodies test

Google Alert – sars cov 2: Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Disease X-19 General Issues from Michael_Novakhov (3 sites).

In the absence of a gold standard, researchers are finding a high frequency of false negatives among SARSCoV2 RT-PCR tests. Serology tests …

 Google Alert – sars cov 2

Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Dark Daily.

In the absence of a gold standard, researchers are finding a high frequency of false negatives among SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests
Serology tests designed to detect antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that causes the COVID-19 illness have been dogged by well-publicized questions about accuracy. However, researchers also are raising concerns about the accuracy of molecular diagnostics which claim to detect the actual presence of the coronavirus itself.
Diagnostic tests, typically involving a nasopharyngeal swab, can be inaccurate in two ways, said Steven Woloshin, MD, MS, in a news release announcing a new report that examines challenges and implications of false-negative COVID-19 tests. Woloshin is an internist, a professor at Dartmouth Institute, and co-director of the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.
A false-positive result mistakenly labels a person infected, with consequences including unnecessary quarantine and contact tracing, he stated in the news release. False-negative results are far more consequential, because infected persons who might be asymptomatic may not be isolated and can infect others.
Woloshin led a team of Dartmouth researchers who analyzed two studies from Wuhan, China, and a literature review by researchers in Europe and South America that indicated diagnostic tests for COVID-19 are frequently generating false negatives. The team published their results in the June 5 New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).
For example, one research team in Wuhan collected samples from 213 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and found that an approved RT-PCR test produced false negatives in 11% of sputum samples, 27% of nasal samples, and 40% of throat samples. Their research was published on the medRxiv preprint server and has not been peer-reviewed.
The literature review Woloshins team studied was also published on medRxiv, titled, False-Negative Results of Initial Rt-PCR Assays for COVID-19: A Systematic Review. It indicated that the rate of false negatives could be as high as 29%. The authors of the review looked at five studies that had enrolled a total of 957 patients. The collected evidence has several limitations, including risk of bias issues, high heterogeneity, and concerns about its applicability, they wrote. Nonetheless, our findings reinforce the need for repeated testing in patients with suspicion of SARS-Cov-2 infection.
Another literature review, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, titled, Variation in False-Negative Rate of Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain ReactionBased SARS-CoV-2 Tests by Time Since Exposure, estimated the probability of false negatives in RT-PCR tests at varying intervals from the time of exposure and symptom onset. For example, the authors found that the median false-negative rate was 38% if a test was performed on the day of symptom onset, versus 20% three days after onset. Their analysis was based on seven studies, five of which were peer-reviewed, with a total of 1330 test samples.
Doctors also are seeing anecdotal evidence of false negatives. For example, clinicians at UC San Diego Health medical center treated a patient with obvious symptoms of COVID-19, but two tests performed on throat samples were negative. However, a third test, using a sample from a bronchial wash, identified the virus, reported Medscape.
The lesson for clinicians is that they cant rely solely on test results but must also consider their own observations of the patient, Joshua Metlay, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital told Medscape.
Sensitivity and Specificity of COVID-19 Clinical Laboratory Tests
The key measures of test accuracy are sensitivity, which refers to the ability to detect the presence of the virus, and specificity, the ability to determine that the targeted pathogen is not present. So, a sensitive test is less likely to provide a false-negative result and a specific test is less likely to provide a false-positive result, wrote Kirsten Meek, PhD, medical writer and editor, in an article for ARUP Laboratories.
Analytic sensitivity and specificity represent the accuracy of a test under ideal conditions in which specimens have been collected from patients with either high viral loads or a complete absence of exposure, she wrote. However, sensitivity and specificity under real-world conditions, in which patients are more variable and specimen collection may not be ideal, can often be lower than reported numbers.
In a statement defending its ID Now molecular point-of-care test, which came under scrutiny during a study of COVID-19 molecular tests by NYU Langone HealthNorthwell Health, and Cleveland Clinic, according to MedTech Dive, Abbott Laboratories blamed improper sample collection and handling for highly-publicized false negatives produced by its rapid test. An FDA issued alert about the test on May 14 noted that Abbott had agreed to conduct post-market studies to identify the cause of the false negatives and suggest remedial actions.
Issues with Emergency Use Authorizations
In their NEJM analysis, Woloshin et al point to issues with the FDAs process for issuing Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs). For example, they noted variations in how manufacturers are conducting clinical evaluations to determine test performance. The FDA prefers the use of natural clinical specimens but has permitted the use of contrived specimens produced by adding viral RNA or inactivated virus to leftover clinical material, they wrote.
When evaluating clinical performance, manufacturers ordinarily conduct an index test of patients and compare the results with reference-standard test, according to the Dartmouth researchers. For people showing symptoms, the reference standard should be a clinical diagnosis performed by an independent adjudication panel. However, they wrote, it is unclear whether the sensitivity of any FDA-authorized commercial test has been assessed in this way. Additionally, a reference standard for determining sensitivity in asymptomatic people is an unsolved problem that needs urgent attention to increase confidence in test results for contact-tracing or screening purposes.
In a perspective for Mayo Clinic ProceedingsColin P. West, MD, PhDVictor M. Montori, MD, MSc; and Priya Sampathkumar, MD, offered four recommendations for addressing concerns about testing accuracy:
  • Continued adherence to current measures, such as physical distancing and surface disinfection.
  • Development of highly sensitive and specific tests or combinations of tests to minimize the risk of false-negative results and ongoing transmission based on a false sense of security.
  • Improved RT-PCR tests and serological assays.
  • Development and communication of clear risk-stratified protocols for management of negative COVID-19 test results.
These protocols must evolve as diagnostic test, transmission, and outcome statistics become more available, they wrote.
Meanwhile, clinical laboratories remain somewhat on their own at selecting which COVID-19 molecular and serology tests they want to purchase and run in their labs. Complicating such decisions is the fact that many of the nations most reputable in vitro diagnostics manufacturers cannot produce enough of their COVID-19 tests to meet demand.
Consequently, when looking to purchase tests for SARS-CoV-2, smaller medical laboratory organizations find themselves evaluating COVID-19 kits developed by little-known or even brand-new companies.
Stephen Beale
Related Information:
Mutated version of the coronavirus ‘has stronger spike proteins’

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from News | Mail Online.

A mutated version of the coronavirus that has gripped Europe and the West is more infectious because it doesn’t break as often while inside the body, a study has found.
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute in Florida say the ‘spike protein’ that the virus uses to attach to cells in the airways has adapted since January.
It used to break off regularly while trying to bind to receptors in people’s airways, which it would use to gain entry to the body, but is now more resilient, they say.
A genetic mutation which scientists around the world have been picking up on for months appears to have caused this spike to be less likely to snap, and also to force the coronaviruses to produce more of them to make itself more infectious.
As a result the virus appears to be approximately 10 times more infectious than it was when it first jumped to humans in China at the end of the year, scientists say.
The mutated version of the virus, dubbed G614 – a change from D614 – is a tiny change in its genetic make-up that scientists weren’t sure what to make of when they found it.
But by May research had found it had become the dominant strain being found in Covid-19 patients across the UK, US, Canada and Italy.
The spikes on the outside of the coronavirus (illustrated in red) are what it uses to latch onto cells on the inside of a victim's airways. A mutated version of the virus appears to have developed stronger spikes so it is more likely to infect someone if they breathe it in, scientists say
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The spikes on the outside of the coronavirus (illustrated in red) are what it uses to latch onto cells on the inside of a victim’s airways. A mutated version of the virus appears to have developed stronger spikes so it is more likely to infect someone if they breathe it in, scientists say 
ACE-2 receptors have a shape which matches the outside of the coronavirus, effectively providing it with a doorway into the bloodstream, scientists say
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ACE-2 receptors have a shape which matches the outside of the coronavirus, effectively providing it with a doorway into the bloodstream
, scientists say
Lead researcher on the Scripps institute’s study, Dr Hyeryun Choe, told the Washington Post the mutation seemed to have happened to ‘compensate’ for the weakness of the spike protein in the past.
The Post reported it appeared to have become approximately 10 times more infectious as a result of this change. 
The way the virus enters the body is by using its spike to latch onto a receptor – called an ACE-2 receptor – inside someone’s airways.
ACE-2 receptors are essentially tiny gateways that the virus uses to get into the blood and then multiply rapidly, destroying cells around them in the process and triggering illness. 
Dr Choe and her colleagues examined the differences between the spike proteins, dubbed S, on the outside of both versions of the coronavirus. 
They found: ‘These results show SG614 is more stable than SD614, consistent with epidemiological data suggesting that viruses with SG614 transmit more efficiently.’
The spike was stronger, they said, and as a result the virus was better able to bash through the gateway of the ACE-2 receptors.
Dr Choe told the Washington Post: ‘The epidemiological study and our data together really explain why the [G variant’s] spread in Europe and the US was really fast… This is not just accidental.’
However, this improved spike strength did not seem to be making people any sicker – or any less sick. 
This, they suggested, could be because the spike had nothing to do with the virus’s ability to reproduce – to replicate – once it was inside the body. 

HOW AND WHY CAN VIRUSES CHANGE OVER TIME? 

Viruses are known to change over time because they are subject to random genetic mutations in the same way that all living things are.
These mutations can have various effects and many will only happen briefly and not become a permanent change as newer generations of viruses replace the mutated ones.
However, some of the mutations might turn out to be advantageous to the virus, and get carried forward into future generations.
A virus may change its structure by accident but turn out to be more infectious that way, meaning it can infect more hosts, reproduce more, and become more dominant than its less fertile predecessor. 
Or if a virus becomes less dangerous to its host – that is, it causes fewer symptoms or less death – it may find that it is able to live longer and reproduce more.
As a result, more of these less dangerous viruses are produced and they may go on to spread more effectively than the more dangerous versions, which could be stamped out by medication because more people realise they are ill, for example. 
The mutation may then be taken forward in the stronger generations and become the dominant version of the virus.
In an explanation of an scientific study about HIV, the NHS said in 2014: ‘The optimal evolutionary strategy for a virus is to be infectious (so it creates more copies of itself) but non-lethal (so its host population doesnt die out).
‘The “poster boy” for successful long-living viruses is, arguably, the family of viruses that cause the, which has existed for thousands of years.’    
The process of reproduction, and using the body’s resources to achieve this, is how the coronavirus causes illness. 
Dr Choe’s study added: ‘An interesting question is why viruses carrying the more stable SG614 appear to be more transmissible without resulting in a major observable difference in disease severity.
‘It is possible that higher levels of functional S protein observed with SG614 increase the chance of host-to-host transmission, but that other factors limit the rate and efficiency of intra-host replication.’
The paper was published online on bioRxiv without being reviewed by independent scientists. 
Researchers in the UK and US had in May noted that the G614 version of the virus had become ‘the dominant pandemic form in many countries’.
They said it was first found in Germany in February and had since become the most common form of the virus in patients worldwide – it appears to force out the older version whenever they clash. 
Viruses mutate naturally all the time and it is not usually cause for alarm but should be studied in case they change so much they become unrecognisable to the body and immunity from a first infection cannot protect against them, as is the case with flu.
A study done by scientists at the University of Sheffield and Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, found that D614 appeared to have been the virus’s original state in humans, and the one found in Wuhan.
It made up the vast majority of all Covid-19 infections in China, and Asia as a whole, and also seemed to be the first version of the virus to appear in the countries they studied.
However, the mutated version – G614 – started to appear soon after in Europe and North America in particular, before going on to take over as the dominant virus. 
‘A clear and consistent pattern was observed in almost every place where adequate sampling was available,’ the researchers said.
‘In most countries and states where the COVID-19 epidemic was initiated and where sequences were sampled prior to March 1, the D614 form was the dominant local form early in the epidemic.
‘Wherever G614 entered a population, a rapid rise in its frequency followed, and in many cases G614 became the dominant local form in a matter of only a few weeks.’
The newer strain named G614 (blue) appeared later on in the pandemic but, since then, has dominated the older, slower-spreading strain D614 (orange) in most areas of the world. It was the only one recorded in England but all the patients sampled were taken from one city - Sheffield
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The newer strain named G614 (blue) appeared later on in the pandemic but, since then, has dominated the older, slower-spreading strain D614 (orange) in most areas of the world. It was the only one recorded in England but all the patients sampled were taken from one city – Sheffield
Although the older D614 strain (orange) managed to remain dominant in Asia for most of the pandemic, it was quickly superseded by the mutated version in Western countries and Africa, which started recording outbreaks later on
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Although the older D614 strain (orange) managed to remain dominant in Asia for most of the pandemic, it was quickly superseded by the mutated version in Western countries and Africa, which started recording outbreaks later on
Most countries outbreaks began with the older D614 strain (shown in orange). In China and Singapore this remained the dominant strain but in most countries worldwide it was edged out in March by the mutated G614 version
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Most countries outbreaks began with the older D614 strain (shown in orange). In China and Singapore this remained the dominant strain but in most countries worldwide it was edged out in March by the mutated G614 version
They said the G614 mutation may give the virus a ‘selective advantage’ which makes it better able to bind to cells in the airways, or to shed viruses which it
uses to reproduce and spread.
It could do this because the D614G mutation appeared to affect the shape of the ‘spike’ protein that the virus uses to attach to a person’s cells and infect them. 
A sample of 447 hospital patients in Sheffield showed that people had a higher viral load when infected with G614, meaning they had a higher quantity of viruses circulating in their body.
This could make them more likely to spread COVID-19 because they could be more likely to show symptoms and have more viruses on their breath, for example.
The researchers wrote: ‘An early April sampling… showed that G614’s frequency was increasing at an alarming pace throughout March, and it was clearly showing an ever-broadening geographic spread.’
And they added: ‘Through March, G614 became increasingly common throughout Europe, and by April it dominated contemporary sampling. 
‘In North America, infections were initiated and established across the continent by the original D614 form, but in early March, the G614 was introduced into both Canada and the USA, and by the end of March it had become the dominant form in both nations.’

WHAT IS AN ACE-2 RECEPTOR AND WHAT DOES IT HAVE TO DO WITH COVID-19? 

ACE-2 receptors are structures found on the surface of cells in the lungs and airways which work with an enyzme called ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) to regulate blood pressure.
Its exact function in the lungs is not well understood but studies suggest it is protective against lung damage and low levels of it can worsen the impact of viral infections.
Scientists say that the coronavirus which causes COVID-19 enters the body through the ACE-2 receptor, which the shape of it allows it to latch on to.
This means that someone with more ACE-2 receptors may be more susceptible to a large viral load – first infectious dose of a virus – entering their bloodstream.
People who have higher than usual numbers of ACE-2 receptors may include those with diabetes or high blood pressure because they have genetic defects which make them produce more.
High levels of ACE-2 receptors may also be protective, however.
They are thought to be able to protect the lungs during infection and a study on mice in 2008 found that mice which had ACE-2 blocked in their bodies suffered more damage when they were infected with SARS, which is almost identical to COVID-19.
Smoking has in the past been repeatedly linked to lower than normal levels of ACE-2 receptors, potentially increasing the risk of lung damage from COVID-19.
Russian bounties resulted in deaths of U.S. troops, according to intelligence assessments

Michael_Novakhov shared this story .

WASHINGTON – Russian bounties offered to Taliban-linked militants to kill coalition forces in Afghanistan are believed to have resulted in the deaths of several U.S. service members, according to intelligence gleaned from U.S. military interrogations of captured militants in recent months.
Several people familiar with the matter said it was unclear exactly how many Americans or coalition troops from other countries may have been killed or targeted under the program. U.S. forces in Afghanistan suffered a total of 10 deaths from hostile gunfire or improvised bombs in 2018, and 16 in 2019. Two have been killed this year. In each of those years, several service members were also killed by what are known as “green on blue” hostile incidents by Afghan security forces who are sometimes believed to have been infiltrated by the Taliban.
The intelligence was passed up from the U.S. Special Operations forces based in Afghanistan and led to a restricted high-level White House meeting in late March, the people said.
The meeting led to broader discussions about possible responses to the Russian action, ranging from diplomatic expressions of disapproval and warnings, to sanctions, according to two of the people. These people and others who discussed the matter spoke on the condition of anonymity because of its sensitivity.
The intelligence – which the CIA was tasked with reviewing, and later confirmed – generated disagreement about the appropriate path forward, a senior U.S. official said. The administration’s special envoy for Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, preferred confronting the Russians directly about the matter, while some National Security Council officials in charge of Russia were more dismissive of taking immediate action, the official said.
It remained unclear where those discussions have led. Verifying such intelligence is a process that can take weeks, typically involving the CIA and the National Security Agency, which captures foreign cellphone and radio communications. Final drafting of any policy options in response would be the responsibility of national security adviser Robert O’Brien.
The CIA assessment took time and coincided with the scaling back and slowing down of a number of government functions as the coronavirus pandemic began to take hold, two people said.
A National Security Council spokesman said “the veracity of the underlying allegations continue to be evaluated.” The CIA and the Defense and State departments declined to comment.
Russia and the Taliban have denied the existence of the program.
Among the coalition of NATO forces in Afghanistan, the British were briefed late last week on the intelligence assessment, though other alliance governments were not for
mally informed. The New York Times first reported the existence of the bounty program Friday evening.
As more details have unfolded, the primary controversy in Washington over the weekend revolved around denials by President Donald Trump and his aides that the president was briefed on the intelligence.
Trump on Sunday confirmed statements by Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe and the White House press secretary that he received no briefing on the subject, and he referred in tweets to “what are known as reports” by “Fake News.”
“Nobody briefed or told me, [Vice President Mike] Pence or Chief of Staff [Mark Meadows] about the what are known as attacks on our troops in Afghanistan by Russians, as reported through an ‘anonymous source’ by the Fake News . . . Everybody is denying it & there have not been many attacks on us,” Trump said on Twitter, insisting that “nobody’s been tougher on Russia than the Trump administration.”
But his Twitter remarks did little to clarify whether the administration was denying that the assessment existed, or simply denying that Trump knew anything about it. Richard Grenell, who served as acting director of national intelligence until last month, tweeted that “I never heard this. And it’s disgusting how you continue to politicize intelligence.”
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Sunday joined other lawmakers – including leading Republicans – in expressing concern and calling for the administration to provide Congress with an explanation.
“This is as bad as it gets, and yet the president will not confront the Russians on this score, denies being briefed,” Pelosi said on ABC News’s “This Week.”
“But he wants to ignore,” she said, “he wants to bring them back to the G-8 despite the annexation of Crimea and invasion of Ukraine, despite what they yielded to [Putin] in Syria, despite [Russian President Vladimir Putin’s] intervention into our election, which is well-documented by our intelligence community and despite now possibly this allegation, which we should have been briefed on.”
Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., a Trump ally who golfed with the president Sunday, tweeted earlier in the day that “I expect the Trump Administration to take such allegations seriously and inform Congress immediately as to the reliability of these news reports.”
In a second tweet, Graham said it was “Imperative Congress get to the bottom” of the Russian offer “to pay the Taliban to kill American soldiers with the goal of pushing America out of the region.”
Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., the third-highest-ranking member of the House GOP leadership, also took to Twitter on Sunday to say that if the report of Russian bounties “is true, the White House must explain” why the president wasn’t briefed, who did know and when, and “what has been done in response to protect our forces & hold Putin responsible.”
A third person familiar with the issue said, “I don’t think that anybody withheld anything and screwed up by not getting to the president on time.” By the end of the process, the person said, the intelligence community was confident in its assessment.
The issue is not when the president was briefed, the person said, because the process worked as it should have, given the coronavirus delay and the need to draw up policy options.
“The issue now that you are aware of it, what are you going to do about it? That’s where the focus should be,” the person said.
In years past, there were persistent reports that Russia was supplying small arms to the Taliban. Carter Malkasian, who served as a senior adviser to the previous chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Joseph Dunford, said Russia had cultivated a relationship with Taliban elements, largely in northern Afghanistan, beginning about 2015. The outreach was partly as a response to Moscow’s concerns about the threat posed by Islamic State militants in the region, and also a desire to see U.S. troops leave the region.
But more recently, U.S. officials said that Russia – which tried and failed to start its own Afghan peace process – has been cooperative and helpful since the Taliban signed a peace deal, including a plan for U.S. withdrawal, with the administration early this year.
Malkasian, now a scholar at the Center for Naval Analysis, said the bounty operation, if true, could be a “random” initiative, rather than one that reflected a well-coordinated program ordered by the highest levels of the government.
He said a primary Russian goal in Afghanistan continues to be the exit of American forces, but not at any cost.
“They may want us out, and they may be happy to see a few Americans die,” he said, “but I don’t think they want to see the Taliban take over.”
The Mafia Cashes In On COVID Fears With Fake Black-Market Tests

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from The Daily Beast Latest Articles.

The Mafia Cashes In On COVID Fears With Fake Black-Market Tests

CRIMINAL IMMUNITY
As people try to emerge from the pandemic lockdown, antibody tests are crucial, and the Mafia says it can help you. But what the mob really wants is your contact tracing data.
Scammers using fake antibody test to steal information, FBI warns

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from ABC13 RSS Feed.

Scammers have found yet another way to take advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic, by selling fake antibody tests.
A real antibody test will screen your blood for antibodies made when your body fights off an infection.

The presence of antibodies can determine if you have had COVID-19.
The FBI says fake tests potentially provide false results, which is bad enough, but the people selling the fraudulent kits are really after your personal information.

SEE ALSO: Answers to questions about new coronavirus antibody studies

Scammers are interested in things like your name, birth date and social security number.
They may even steal your Medicare or health insurance information.

Information like that can be used in future insurance fraud cases.
Here is what the FBI says to look out for:

  • People calling you saying the government is requiring you to take an antibody test
  • Tests advertised on social media

  • Claims that you can get money for taking the tests
You can also look up approved antibody test kits by checking them out at 

FDA.gov.

If you think you have already been the victim of a COVID-19 fraud, you can report it to the 

National Center for Disaster Fraud Hotline, online

 or at (866) 720-5721.

Follow Jeff Ehling on FacebookTwitter and Instagram.
RELATED:
Blood center offering free antibody testing with blood donations
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10:06 AM 6/29/2020 – Another Spanish Study, from the La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain: “An association between acral skin disease and COVID-19 has yet to be proved.” | Are the Covid Toes, Fingers and body rash the symptoms of the African Swine Fever in Humans? – GS | Is “COVID-19” the combination of Co-Infections, constructed in Russian Mafia’s BioLabs? – GS

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Covid-19-Review.

Brief Report
June 25, 2020

Assessment of Acute Acral Lesions in a Case Series of Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic

JAMA Dermatol. Published online June 25, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2020.2340

Another Spanish Study, from the La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain: 

“Findings: In this case series of 20 patients aged 1 to 18 years with new-onset acral inflammatory lesions, all lacked systemic manifestations of COVID-19. Both reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction and serologic test results were negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
Meaning: An association between acral skin disease and COVID-19 has yet to be proved.” 
_________________________________



Are the Covid Toes, Fingers and body rash the symptoms of the African Swine Fever in Humans? – GS

Is “COVID-19” the combination of Co-Infections, constructed in Russian Mafia’s BioLabs? – GS 

Are the various animals: the rodents, pigs, other livestock, and pets serve as the vectors? 

What are all the Co-Infections included? 

Michael Novakhov on Covid Toes, peripheral coagulopathy, and African Swine Fever – GS

Covid-19 and the Viral Infections in Pigs – Latest Update: 5.19.20 

__________________________________________________________


Covid-19 and the Viral Infections in Pigs


https://covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/05/524-pm-5182020-covid-19-and-viral.html

Both Classic and African Swine Fever have the “potential” to be weaponized: “Diseases of particular concern for their bioweapons potential include smallpox, tularemia, plague, Newcastle disease, FMD, classical swine fever (hog cholera), avian influenza, African swine fever…” 

If in this new weaponized form they have the crossreactivity with the Porcine Coronaviruses, they can be disguised and misdiagnosed as such. In other words, CSF or ASF can be misdiagnosed as Sars-Cov-2 on the basis of the tests, and it is also possible that the concomitant infections can be present. 


COVID toes,' other rashes latest possible rare virus signs - The ...


One of the newly described signs of Covid-19, the “Covid toes”, especially prevalent in children, can have the same pathogenic mechanism as “reddening of the ears” which “is a common sign of African swine fever in pigs.” 




This hypothetical mechanism is the peripheral coagulopathy

Coagulopathy, disseminated and in various organs, appears to be the key sign, hypothetically, in both conditions: in the clinical picture of what is called “Covid-19” and ASF. 

Furthermore in the epizootic of ASF and the coronaviruses infections in pigs in China in 2019, apparently both conditions were present, and they might have run concomitantly“New SARS-like virus from bats implicated in China pig die-off”, the article reported even earlier, in April of 2018. 


Further research is needed to clarify these questions, and the greater attention should be payed to the differential diagnosis of Covid-19 with ASF, CSF, Porcine Coronaviruses Infections, and other zoonotic or potentially zoonotic conditions. 


The possibility of the “zoonotic jump” of Porcine Coronaviruses was addressed in the veterinary (and Pig Industry) literature in 2018, in the article titled: “Pig coronavirus potentially harmful to humans”Were very concerned about emerging coronaviruses and worry about the harm they can do to animals and their potential to jump to humans… This concern was expressed about the “Deltacoronavirus” but it also involves Sars-Cov-2. 


The case of the interspecies transmission was documented in 2005 after the Sars epidemic in China. “SARS-associated Coronavirus Transmitted from Human to Pig: Severe acute respiratory syndromeassociated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) was isolated from a pig during a survey for possible routes of viral transmission after a SARS epidemic. Sequence and epidemiology analyses suggested that the pig was infected by a SARS-CoV of human origin.” 


“The authors concluded that SARSCoV interspecies transmission events occur and possibly pose a risk to humans… 

From the obtained data available today, it would appear pigs can carry SARSCoV and develop antibodies. Furthermore, evidence exists that pigs can amplify MERSCoV. So far there is no evidence that pigs can become infected with SARSCoV2 or are capable to amplify the virus. However, as the SARSCoV2 outbreak has just emerged and is ongoing any testing currently focuses on identifying infected people to prevent further humantohuman transmissions. Notably, it was reported that SARSCoV2 could use angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2) from four animal species including porcine ACE2 as the receptor to enter the cell in vitro,29 possibly suggesting that pigs may be susceptible to SARSCoV2 infection… In summary, SARSCoV2 is emerging and spreading at a high rate in the human population. Due to the large number of infected people often with high virus loads, SARSCoV2 could potentially spill over in other species including pigs…

Thus, we can assume that the circular Coronavirus transmision patterns: Man – Pig – Man, are quite possible, at least hypothetically. 


The epicenters of Covid -19 in the pork plants are the direct indication of this hypothetical connection. 


This subject of Porcine – Human cross species transmission is especially important in the light of the recent studies refuting the proposed earlier explanation of bats and pangolins as the sources of the Sars-cov-2, and focusing on the specific human source as the origin of the Infection


These studies added more validity to the man-made hypothesis of the Covid-19 origins. It is worthwhile to mention that the previous human Coronavirus infections, Sars and Mers were also viewed as man made and the engineered bioweapons. 


This thinking correlates with the views of such noted researchers as Luc Montagnier and others on the Lab origins of Sars-Cov-2

Assessment of Acute Acral Lesions in a Case Series of Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic | Adolescent Medicine | JAMA Dermatology

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from JAMA Dermatology Current Issue.

Key Points

Question  What is the association between acute acral lesions and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children and adolescents?
Findings  In this case series of 20 patients aged 1 to 18 years with new-onset acral inflammatory lesions, all lacked systemic manifestations of COVID-19. Both reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction and serologic test results were negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
Meaning  An association between acral skin disease and COVID-19 has yet to be proved.

Importance  A novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has recently been identified as the cause of a pandemic called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this context, some associated skin diseases have been described. Cutaneous lesions referred to as acute acro-ischemia have been reported as a possible sign of COVID-19 in adolescents and children.
Objective  To evaluate the pathogenesis of these newly described acute acral lesions.
Design, Setting, and Participants  This prospective case series was conducted at La Fe University Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in Valencia, Spain, between April 9 and April 15, 2020. Among 32 referred patients, 20 children and adolescents with new-onset inflammatory lesions did not have a diagnosis.
Exposures  Patients were not exposed to any drug or other intervention.
Main Outcomes and Measures  We performed reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction for SARS-CoV-2 and a range of blood tests for possible origins of the lesions. Skin biopsies were performed in 6 patients.
Results  Of the 20 patients enrolled, 7 were female and 13 were male, with an age range of 1 to 18 years. Clinical findings fit into the following patterns: acral erythema (6 patients), dactylitis (4 patients), purpuric maculopapules (7 patients), and a mixed pattern (3 patients). None of the patients had remarkable hematologic or serologic abnormalities, including negative antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. Biopsies performed in 6 patients showed histologic findings characteristic of perniosis.
Conclusions and Relevance  The clinical, histologic, and laboratory test results were compatible with a diagnosis of perniosis, and no evidence was found to support the implication of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the cause of an outbreak of pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome in Wuhan, China.1 On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a public health emergency of international concern.2 Although SARS-CoV-2 infection can affect individuals of any age, severe illness is uncommon in children.

Recently, possible COVID-19related skin changes have been described: mostly urticaria, drug-related eruptions, and chickenpox-like vesicles.3 In addition, cutaneous lesions referred to as acute acro-ischemia have been reported as a possible sign of SARS-CoV-2 infection in adolescents and children.4 In this article, we report an outbreak of acral skin lesions observed between April 9 and April 15, 2020.

A prospective case series was performed at La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain, to assess the clinical and etiologic features of children and adolescents with acute acro-ischemia. Among 32 patients referred for acral lesions between April 9 and April 15, 2020, we included 20 who presented with new-onset acral inflammatory lesions without an obvious diagnosis of recognizable cause.

Each patient underwent a complete blood cell count; biochemistry tests for liver and kidney function, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and levels of ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, and C-reactive protein; coagulation tests, including levels of D-dimer, cryoglobulins, and proteins C and S; urine sediment examination; autoimmunity tests for antinuclear antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and indirect immunofluorescence assay), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, antiphospholipid antibodies (lupus anticoagulant, antiβ2-glycoprotein, anticardiolipin antibody), C3, C4, and interleukin 6; serologic tests for enterovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, human herpesvirus 6, parvovirus B19, mycoplasma, rubella, and measles; tests for immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgM, and IgA (COVID-19 ELISA Kit, Vircell; sensitivity and specificity for IgG and IgM+IgA joint detection of 70% and 98%); and reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) by nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 (Viasure SARS-CoV-2 Real Time PCR Detection Kit, CerTest Biotec; detection limit 10 RNA copies per reaction for the ORF1ab and N genes).

This study was approved by the institutional review board of La Fe University Hospital, and written informed consent for each procedure and for publication was obtained from all patients or their families.

Twenty patients were included in this study, 13 of whom were male. Main characteristics of the patients are depicted in the Table.

No patient had any clinical symptoms (fever, fatigue, dry cough, anorexia, myalgia, dyspnea, sputum, headache, sore throat, smell or taste disorders, or rhinorrhea) suspected to be COVID-19related.1,2,5 Similarly, no co-inhabitant showed any symptoms. Ten of 20 patients lived with relatives older than 50 years (6 of whom were older than 80 years). The mean (SD) age of the patients was 12.3 (4.3) years, and no patient was older than 18 years. Nine of them (45%) had a history of vascular reactive disease of the hands (Raynaud phenomenon or perniosis). Only patient 8 had a history of connective tissue disease (systemic lupus erythematosus). None of them reported previous drug intake except for patient 18, who had taken a single dose of 500 mg of acetaminophen 2 weeks before, and patient 10, who had started treatment for anemia with ferric sulfate 1 month before. Fifteen (75%) reported walking barefoot around the house during the quarantine. Of all patients, only 2 lived in a home equipped with a heating system. No abnormal test results were found in any patient except for patient 3 and patient 8, who had positive results for antinuclear antibodies (titers of 1/160 and 1/1280, respectively).

Dermatologic findings were classified into the following groups based on skin pattern: periungual erythema; inflammation of 1 or more fingers with occasional whitish areas, which we have called dactylitis; and purpuric maculopapules with occasional blisters. In some patients, we observed a mix of lesions. Acral erythema was found in 6 (30%) of the cases (Figure 1A), dactylitis in 4 (20%) (Figure 1B), purpuric maculopapules in 7 (35%) (Figure 1C), and a mixed pattern in 3 (15%) (Figure 1D).

We obtained 6 skin biopsy specimens from 6 different patients. Results are presented in the Table and Figure 2. In all patients, results of serologic and viral testing were negative for SARS-CoV-2 as well as other viruses.

On March 14, 2020, a state of emergency was declared in Spain, and strict stay-at-home rules were imposed. Citizens were alerted to a series of signs and symptoms to detect early SARS-CoV-2 infection. Reports of diverse cutaneous lesions as possible symptoms of COVID-19 have led to an increase in visits to our hospital for any of these manifestations.4 However, apart from temporal coexistence, the involvement of COVID-19 in the development of these lesions has not been proved so far.

In this article, we report a series of 20 cases of cutaneous lesions classifiable on the clinical spectrum of perniosis. Regarding histologic features, it is worth noting that there is bias because 5 of 6 biopsies were performed in patients with more severe lesions. Nevertheless, the histologic findings in all of them were characteristic of chilblains, confirming the clinical impression.6

When evaluating the pathogenesis of these lesions, several possibilities emerge. Both our cases and others reported in the literature have developed in a short space of time, generally with an onset in the second to third week of the pandemic.712 Some of the cases that have been described occurred in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection demonstrated by RT-PCR or in symptomatic patients, but there are also a large number of patients, similar to ours, in whom the presence of the virus could not be demonstrated by RT-PCR, the serologic test results were negative, or the patients were asymptomatic.711

At least 3 different scenarios may be considered to explain the abrupt appearance, during the peak of the pandemic, of these characteristic lesions in a group of SARS-CoV-2negative patients. One possibility is that the patients were in a very early stage of the disease, which would explain the negativity of PCR and serologic test result
s.8 This seems to us the least probable explanation, given that the mean (SD) duration of the disease before consultation in our series was 13.25 (8.11) days and we conducted follow-up in all patients for 4 additional weeks.

The second alternative is that acrocyanosis and perniosis were a subacute manifestation of the infection, in which patients no longer had detectable viral particles.812 Additionally, in situations in which the viral inoculum was small, it is conceivable that the RT-PCR results were negative, patients did not develop other symptoms, and the serologic response was of low intensity and not detectable with the tests currently available. Serologic responses have been shown to be lower in young individuals than in older ones.13 In this scenario, the only manifestations of COVID-19 could be endotheliitis and a facility for thrombosis in the distal small vessels of the extremities.8,9,14 Entotheliitis and thrombosis have been described in patients with severe COVID-19 with previous endothelial damage and cardiovascular comorbidity (eg, diabetes, hypertension, obesity).14,15 However, the absence of those risk factors and the unaltered results of the coagulation tests performed in our patients do not support this explanation.

Finally, a third possibility, which is not supported by the results of all of the complementary examinations carried out in our patients, is that these skin lesions are not induced by the virus but by the quarantine state itself. Accordingly, this quarantine perniosis appeared mainly in children isolated in houses that were not well suited for individuals who spent long periods barefoot or only wearing socks and with very little physical activity.

This study was carried out in a short period and with patients from a single center. Furthermore, there is still limited knowledge regarding the clinical manifestations of and detection methods for SARS-CoV-2.

In this case series of 20 children and adolescents, a relationship between acute acral skin changes and COVID-19 could not be demonstrated. Other studies with improved microbiologic tests or molecular techniques aimed at demonstrating the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the skin may help to clarify this problem.

Accepted for Publication: May 15, 2020.
Published Online: June 25, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2020.2340
Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2020 Roca-Ginés J et al. JAMA Dermatology.
Corresponding Author: Ignacio Torres-Navarro, Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico la Fe, 106 Fernando Abril Martorell Ave, Valencia 46026, Spain (nacho.torres.navarro@gmail.com).
Author Contributions:Drs Torres-Navarro and Botella-Estrada had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Drs Botella-Estrada and Évole-Buselli contributed equally.
Concept and design: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro, Sánchez-Arráez, Abril-Pérez, Botella-Estrada, Évole-Buselli.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro, Sánchez-Arráez, Abril-Pérez, Martínez i Cózar, Botella-Estrada, Évole-Buselli.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro, Sánchez-Arráez, Abril-Pérez, Sabalza-Baztán, Pardo-Granell, Botella-Estrada, Évole-Buselli.
Statistical analysis: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro.
Obtained funding: Torres-Navarro.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro, Abril-Pérez, Sabalza-Baztán, Pardo-Granell.
Supervision: Roca-Ginés, Torres-Navarro, Botella-Estrada, Évole-Buselli.
Other (diagnosis pathology):Martínez i Cózar.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by the Department of Dermatology of La Fe University Hospital.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the patients and their families for granting permission to publish this information. We also thank María Dolores Gómez-Ruiz, PhD, and Carmina Sos-Lloret, MD, from the Department of Microbiology, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, for their support. They did not receive compensation for this work.

5.

Lechien  JR, Chiesa-Estomba  CM, De Siati  DR,  et al.  Olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions as a clinical presentation of mild-to-moderate forms of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a multicenter European study.  

 Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol

. Published online April 6, 2020. doi:

10.1007/s00405-020-05965-1PubMedGoogle Scholar

7.

Fernandez-Nieto  D, Jimenez-Cauhe  J, Suarez-Valle  A,  et al.  Characterization of acute acro-ischemic lesions in non-hospitalized patients: a case series of 132 patients during the COVID-19 outbreak.  

 J Am Acad Dermatol

. Published online April 24, 2020. doi:

10.1016/j.jaad.2020.04.093PubMedGoogle Scholar

8.

Romaní  J, Baselga  E, Mitjà  O,  et al.  Chillblains and acral purpuric lesions in Spain during Covid confinement: retrospective analysis of 12 cases [in Spanish].  

 Actas Dermosifiliogr

. Published online April 22, 2020.

PubMedGoogle Scholar

9.

Recalcati  S, Barbagallo  T, Frasin  LA,  et al.  Acral cutaneous lesions in the time of COVID-19.  

 J Eur Acad Dermatology Venereol

. Published online April 24, 2020. doi:

10.1111/jdv.16533PubMedGoogle Scholar

10.

Piccolo  V, Neri  I, Filippeschi  C,  et al.  Chilblain-like lesions during COVID-19 epidemic: a preliminary study on 63 patients.  

 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol

. Published online April 24, 2020. doi:

10.1111/jdv.16526PubMedGoogle Scholar

12.

Hedou  M, Carsuzaa  F, Chary  E, Hainaut  E, Cazenave-Roblot  F, Masson Regnault  M.  Comment on Cutaneous manifestations in COVID-19: a first perspective by Recalcati S.  

 J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol

. Published online April 21, 2020. doi:

10.1111/jdv.16519PubMedGoogle Scholar

13.

Wu  F, Wang  A, Liu  M,  et al. Neutralizing antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in a COVID-19 recovered patient cohort and their implications

. SSRN Electron J

. Published online April 9, 2020. doi:

10.2139/ssrn.3566211

14.

Magro  C, Mulvey  JJ, Berlin  D,  et al.  Complement associated microvascular injury and thrombosis in the pathogenesis of severe COVID-19 infection: a report of five cases.  

 Transl Res

. Published online April 15, 2020. doi:

10.1016/j.trsl.2020.04.007PubMedGoogle Scholar

Brown rat – Wikipedia

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Wikipedia – Recent changes [en].

Diseases[edit]

Similar to other rodents, brown rats may carry a number of pathogens,[84] which can result in disease, including Weil’s diseaserat bite fevercryptosporidiosisviral hemorrhagic feverQ fever and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. In the United Kingdom, brown rats are an important reservoir for Coxiella burnetii, the bacterium that causes Q fever, with seroprevalence for the bacteria found to be as high as 53% in some wild populations.[85]
This species can also serve as a reservoir for Toxoplasma gondii, the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, though the disease usually spreads from rats to humans when domestic cats feed on infected brown rats.[86] The parasite has a long history with the brown rat, and there are indications that the parasite has evolved to alter an infected rat’s perception to cat predation, making it more susceptible to predation and increasing the likelihood of transmission.[87]
Surveys and specimens of brown rat populations throughout the world have shown this species is often associated with outbreaks of trichinosis,[88][89] but the extent to which the brown rat is responsible in transmitting Trichinella larvae to humans and other synanthropic animals is at least somewhat debatable.[90] Trichinella pseudospiralis, a parasite previously not considered to be a potential pathogen in humans or domestic animals, has been found to be pathogenic in humans and carried by brown rats.[91]
They can also be responsible in transmitting Angiostrongylus larvae to humans by eating raw or undercooked snails, slugs, mollusks, crustaceans, water and/or vegetables contaminated with them.[92]
Brown rats are sometimes mistakenly thought to be a major reservoir of bubonic plague, a possible cause of the Black Death. However, the bacterium responsible, Yersinia pestis, is commonly endemic in only a few rodent species and is usually transmitted zoonotically by rat fleascommon carrier rodents today include ground squirrels and wood rats. However, brown rats may suffer from plague, as can many nonrodent species, including dogs, cats, and humans.[93] The original carrier for the plague-infected fleas thought to be responsible for the Black Death was the black rat, and it has been hypothesized that the displacement of black rats by brown rats led to the decline of bubonic plague.[94] This theory has, however, been deprecated, as the dates of these displacements do not match the increases and decreases in plague outbreaks.[95]
A race to determine what drives COVID-19 severity

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Germany Looks Past an Unpredictable U.S. in Setting EUs Future

Germany Looks Past an Unpredictable U.S. in Setting EUs Future

Germany Looks Past an Unpredictable U.S. in Setting EUs Future

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Gilead Sciences Inc. said it will charge the U.S. government and other developed countries $390 per vial for its coronavirus-fighting drug remdesivir, or about $2,340 for a typical five-day course of treatment.
Deaths from the virus surpassed 500,000 worldwide and confirmed cases exceeded 10 million as the World Health Organization reported the most infections for a single day. New clusters around the world indicate that the pandemic is far from over.
Tokyo reported more incidences of the disease, daily deaths in Iran reached a record and cases in Austria rose to the highest level since mid-May. Texas is fast becoming the new center of the pandemic in the U.S. while Vice President Mike Pence encouraged people to wear masks, two days after declining to give that specific guidance.

Key Developments:

Subscribe to a daily update on the virus from Bloombergs Prognosis team here. Click VRUS on the terminal for news and data on the coronavirus.

Gileads Remdesivir to Cost $2,340 for 5-Day Treatment (7:01 a.m. NY)

Gilead Sciences Inc. said it will charge developed nations $390 per vial for its coronavirus-fighting drug remdesivir, or about $2,340 for a typical five-day course of treatment.
The company said that once supplies of the drug are less constrained, the government will no longer manage allocation.
Remdesivir is one of the first widely used drugs for Covid-19. It received an emergency use authorization from U.S. regulators in May, after a trial found the medicine hastened recovery by about four days in hospitalized patients.

Iran Fatalities Increase to Record (6:03 a.m. NY)

Iran recorded the highest daily number of fatalities since the start of the outbreak, with 162 deaths in the past 24 hours. The death toll reached 10,670 from a total of 225,205 cases.
The level of infections is high or alarming in 11 of 31 Iranian provinces, Health Ministry spokeswoman Sima Sadat Lari said on state television.

Thailand Business-Travel Bubbles to Start Soon (5:34 p.m. HK)

Thailand plans to allow foreign business travelers into the country for the first time since closing its borders to most international flights in March.
Passport holders from Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Japan, and people from some Chinese provinces, may be allowed to travel to Thailand as part of proposed business-travel bubbles from July.
Thailands Cabinet will consider approving the proposal Tuesday after Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-Ocha endorsed it. The Cabinet will also review extending a state of emergency by a month through July, which Prayuth sees as vital as lockdowns are eased for schools and high-risk businesses, including nightclubs and bars.

Czechs Tighten Measures to Tackle Local Outbreaks (4:35 p.m. HK)

The Czech government is tightening quarantine measures in two northeastern counties to contain local outbreaks of coronavirus after the number of cases jumped in the past few days, Health Minister Adam Vojtech said.
Starting Tuesday, events of more than 100 people will once again be banned in the two counties, with restrictions on the opening hours of restaurants and bars; foreign workers crossing borders to the counties will be tested. Employees are being tested at the OKD mines, one of the current virus hotspots. Elsewhere in the Czech Republic, measures are being eased.
The number of new cases jumped to 305 on Sunday, the biggest daily increase since April 3.

Luxembourg Infections Accelerate (4:30 p.m. HK)

Luxembourgs new cases increased more than usual in the last four days, and the government is seeking clarity on the causes, Health Minister Paulette Lenert said.
A party held earlier this month is one reason why numbers rapidly rose to between 22 and 44 in the past three days, Lenert told RTL radio Monday. There have also been several new, more spread-out infections that are more worrying, she said. The increase coincides with the governments decision to ease lockdown measures, allowing bigger private gatherings.

China Seals Off County Linked to Beijing Cluster (4:20 p.m. HK)

China put 400,000 residents of a northern county under lockdown at the weekend after at least a dozen coronavirus cases associated with the Beijing outbreak were reported there.
In a sign that the resurgence of cases in the capital is proving difficult to stamp out even as officials say theyve been largely contained, Hebei provinces Anxin county has been sealed off and each household can assign only one person to go out for necessities daily, state media reported. Vehicles cannot enter the county and only those with special passes can leave.
The containment measures in Anxin, 140 kilometers (87 miles) from Beijing, are more severe than in the capital itself, where the cluster has grown to 311 people since it was first detected June 12.

Russia Reports 1.1% Increase in Cases (3:35 p.m. HK)

Russia recorded 6,719 new coronavirus infections in the past 24 hours, bringing the total to 641,156, according to the governments virus response center.
The tally was the lowest since April 29, and 31.6% of the new cases were asymptomatic, the center said. The death toll for the day was 93, bringing the total to 9,166. The center said 4,343 people recovered, taking the total to 403,430.

Tokyo Finds Around 60 New Cases: TBS (2:59 p.m. HK)

Tokyo found around 60 new cases of coronavirus on Monday, TBS reported, citing Governor Yuriko Koike.
The increase matched Sundays tally, which was the highest since the state of emergency was lifted in May.

Austrian Infections Rise Amid Clusters (2:17 p.m. HK)

Austrian daily new infections rose to 74 on Sunday, bringing the seven-day average to 45, the highest level since May 22, according to the interior ministry.
Infections were driven by a cluster in Linz, an industrial city two hours west of Vienna, where the virus spread in services of the Pentecostal church community, according to health agency AGES. A Rotary club meeting in Salzburg contributed to new cases in that region last week. Austria has 551 live virus cases, 48% more than two weeks ago.

Thailand to Allow Schools, Bars to Reopen (1:47 p.m. HK)

Thailand will allow all schools, nightclubs and bars to reopen in the countrys fifth stage of reopening, Taweesilp Witsanuyotin, a spokesman for the Covid-19 center, said at a briefing. The nightclubs and bars will be subject to restrictions on the numbers of patrons and closing hours.
Thailand plans to extend its state of emergency to manage risks as the country prepares for the latest reopening, Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-Ocha said on Monday.

German Infection Rate Stays Below Key Threshold (1:35 p.m. HK)

Germanys coronavirus infection rate stayed below the key threshold of 1.0 for a fifth day. The reproduction factor rose to 0.71 on Sunday, from 0.62 the previous day, according to the latest estimate by the countrys health body, the Robert Koch Institute.
There were 235 new cases in the 24 hours through Monday morning, down from 422 the previous day, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. There were no new fatalities recorded.
A jump in the infection rate from around June 20 was driven by local outbreaks, including in two municipalities in the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

China Halts Meat Imports From More Plants (1:14 p.m. HK)

China suspended meat imports from more plants, including chickens from a JBS unit, beef from a Cargill factory in Canada and pork from a Danish Crown plant, taking the total to 15 by June 28, according to the countrys customs department.
Customs will not accept any import application for delivery from the date when the halt started, it said, without providing any reason for the suspension. Earlier, the department stopped meat imports from plants reporting coronavirus infections among their employees.

Ardern Says More Work to Be Done on Travel Bubble (1:01 p.m. HK)

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said more work needs to be done for an agreement on a trans-Tasman bubble for safe travel to Australia. She said in a news conference the cabinet will not move to open the border with Australia until it has reassurances that New Zealanders will be safe. More broadly, she said it is untenable to be opening up the border to Covid-19.

Cases Surge in Australias Hot Spot (10:01 a.m. HK)

The Australian state of Victoria has recorded 75 more cases in the past 24 hours, health authorities announced, leading to increased concern the nation may be on the cusp of a second wave of cases as it removes lockdown restrictions that have crippled the economy.
The surge in cases in Melbourne, the capital of Australias second-most-populous state, have been centered around suburbs in the citys northern and western fringes. Victoria Premier Daniel Andrews, who has indicated that some of those areas may need to return to stricter lockdown measures, has blamed some clusters on large family gatherings that have broken social-distancing restrictions.

Beijing Reports Seven New Coronavirus Cases (9:04 a.m. HK)

Beijing reported seven new coronavirus infections June 28, bringing total cases linked to a recent outbreak to 318, Beijing Municipal Health Commission said in a statement. The number of infections was down from 14 reported a day earlier. Overall, China reported a total of 12 new cases for June 28.

Houston Official Leading Virus Fight Is in Self-Quarantine (9:01 a.m. HK)

The top county executive in the Houston area is in self-quarantine after a staffer tested positive for Covid-19. Harris County Judge Lina Hidalgo plans to self-isolate at home for 14 days after an employee in her office tested positive, according to a statement.
Hidalgo has been one of the most-prominent critics of Texas Governor Greg Abbotts aggressive reopening of the second-largest U.S. economy. Covid-19 cases and hospitalizations have spiked since the state reopened eight weeks ago, pushing intensive-care wards to full capacity and sparking concerns about a surge in fatalities as the contagion spreads.

Texass Positive-Test Rate Soars to Record (8:09 a.m. HK)

Texass Covid-19 positive-test rate surged to 14.31%, the highest for the second-most populous U.S. state since the pandemic emerged, underscoring the magnitude of the growing crisis facing Americas Sunbelt.
The positivity rate on Saturday surpassed the previous record of 13.86% set on April 13, state health department figures released on Sunday showed. The number has almost tripled since May 31, when Texas posted a 5.44% positive-test rate.

Pence Encourages Mask Wearing (7:46 a.m. HK)

U.S. Vice President Mike Pence encouraged people to wear masks to prevent the spread of the virus, two days after declining to give that specific guidance.
Wear a mask, wherever its indicated or wherever youre not able to practice the kind of social distancing that would prevent the spread of the coronavirus, Pence said at a press briefing with Texas Governor Abbott and federal and state health officials, who are grappling with a surge in coronavirus cases. Wearing a mask is just a good idea.
During a White House coronavirus task force briefing on Friday, Pence avoided saying whether Americans should wear one. Asked on CBS Face the Nation, about President Donald Trumps refusal to say everyone should wear a mask Pence said that every state has a unique situation and that the principle of federalism has guided their decision making.

California Shuts Bars in L.A., Other Counties (7:22 a.m. HK)

Some California residents hoping to celebrate Independence Day in a bar will now have to change their plans. Bars are required to shut in seven counties — including Los Angeles — and theyre recommended to close in eight others, including Sacramento and Santa Barbara, following a surge in coronavirus cases, according to an order by Governor Gavin Newsom on Sunday.

Most in Poll Say Trump Unprepared (6:30 a.m. HK)

Almost three-quarters of Americans said that, as they look back a few months, the Trump administration wasnt ready to deal with the outbreak when it started this year, according to a CBS News poll.
Some 72% judged the administration unprepared against 28% who said it was prepared, according to the June 23-26 survey. Almost half, 49%, said the outbreak would get worse this summer. The remainder split between those who think it will get better and those who expect it to stay about the same.
The CBS poll said assessments of how President Donald Trump has handled the outbreak continue to slip, to 41% now from 47% in mid-April and 53% in late March.

Brazil Cases Rise 2.3% (6:20 a.m. HK)

Brazil had 30,476 new cases in the past 24 hours, a 2.3% rise from the previous day, bringing the national total to 1.34 million, the Health Ministry reported on Sunday. The government registered 522 deaths, raising the toll to 57,622.

San Quentin Prison Cases Surge (5:30 p.m. NY)

Californias San Quentin State Prison is seeing an explosion of cases after a botched transfer from another facility, impacting hundreds of incarcerated residents and scores of officers in a potential public health threat to the San Francisco Bay Area.
About 816 people in the prison tested positive on Sunday, according to data from the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. That means more than 1 in 5 of the prisons population of 3,507 is infected, and its not clear if everyone has been tested. State data show 89 staff members have Covid-19. A spokeswoman didnt respond to an e-mail seeking comment on the rise in cases Sunday.
San Quentin had zero known cases through May, but infections jumped after officials transferred 121 people from the California Institution for Men in Chino on May 30. The practice of transferring inmates has been widely criticized for spreading the virus.

WHO Reports Another High for Cases (4:45 p.m. NY)

The World Health Organization reported almost 190,000 new cases for the 24-hour period through early Sunday, a week after the previous one-day high.
Cases from the Americas accounted for 62% of the 189,077 new infections, followed by 13% from Southeast Asia and 8.8% from Europe, according to the report from the United Nations agency based in Geneva.
The U.S. and Brazil, together, represented 49% of all new infections. The WHO report showed 9.84 million cases, a total that lags behind tallies from John Hopkins University, which showed more than 10 million cases on Sunday.

U.S. Cases Up 1.7%, Above 7-Day Average (4 p.m. NY)

Coronavirus cases in the U.S. increased by 42,735 from the same time Saturday to 2.53 million, according to data collected by Johns Hopkins University and Bloomberg News. The 1.7% increase was above the average daily rise of 1.5% over the past week. The total was less than the 45,450 reported on Saturday but above 40,000 for a third straight day. Fatalities rose 0.3% to 125,709.

DeSantis Cites Socializing for Cases (3:15 p.m. NY)

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis said people in the 18-to-44 age group account for most of the rise in positive Covid-19 tests, with the 24-to-34 year old by far the leading group for new infections.
Its basically socializing, DeSantis said at a Pensacola news conference as he dismissed suggestions the rise reflected opening the economy too soon. Most of this is not because of people going to work, its because theyre being social.
DeSantis said young people, who are at lower risk from the disease, should avoid gathering in large groups and then visiting restaurants or other venues where the infection can spread.

Arizona Cases Rise 5.5% (12:42 p.m. NY)

Arizonas new cases increased by 3,858 to 73,908, a 5.5% increase that exceeded the prior weeks average of 4.4%, the state reported Sunday. Daily infections have exceeded the weekly average for four straight days. The number of deaths rose by 9 to 1,588.

Cuomo Fears Imported Infections (12:05 p.m. NY)

New York had the fewest daily deaths since the pandemic began in March, five on Saturday, as Governor Andrew Cuomo said he is now afraid of the spread from other states.
We are one country and people travel and Im afraid the infection rate in the other states will come back to New York and raise that rate again, Cuomo said on NBCs Meet the Press.
The governor said New York has plans to reopen schools, and the state will assess the infection rate and what the disease is doing before making a decision on a date. If this continues across the country, Cuomo said, kids are going to be home for a long time.
With assistance by Paul Sillitoe
Did Covid-19 come from clandestine bioweapons lab run by Mafia? | Disease X-19 News Review In Brief – 6:24 AM 6/29/2020

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from The FBI News Review – fbinewsreview.blogspot.com – Blog by Michael Novakhov.

Is COVID-19 the dreaded 'Disease X' scientists warned us about?


6:24 AM 6/29/2020

Did Covid-19 come from clandestine bioweapons lab run by Mafia? – GS

With the modern Gene Editing technology, and with the (Russian) Mafia‘s capabilities, Resources, and the vindictive determination it is quite possible! – M.N. 


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Covid – 19 Updates : Alagille Syndrome Market In-depth Insights 2020 … The studies related to competitor analysis in this Alagille Syndrome market … or deletion in genetic material on chromosome 20 that include the JAG1 gene . Google…
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gene editing – Google Search

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Genome editing (also called gene editing) is a group of technologies that give scientists the ability to change an organism’s DNA. These technologies allow genetic material to be added, removed, or altered at particular locations in the genome.6 days ago
Inside the Georgian lab accused of testing biological weapons – YouTube

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Inside The US Government’s Top-Secret Bioweapons Lab – YouTube

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A new mutation makes it easier for the coronavirus to infect people

Michael_Novakhov shared this story .

As a public service, Shaw Media will provide open access to information related to the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) emergency. Sign up for the newsletter here
Know those little spikes on SARS-CoV-2 virus that bind it to a target cell and then infect it?
Well, those spikes have increased their functionality, thanks to a tiny genetic mutation, researchers recently learned through lab experiments.
This means more of the spikes on the variant that’s circulating throughout the U.S. and Europe are stable and able to latch onto cells, which makes it easier to infect people.
Its authors, Hyeryun Choe, senior author of the study and Scripps Research virologist; and Michael Farzan, co-chairman of the Scripps Research department of immunology and microbiology, have studied coronaviruses for nearly 20 years, according to a Scripps Research news release.
The researchers dont know if the mutation will also increase the risk of severe illness or mortality, the news release said.
The study has not ye been peer reviewed.
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Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks
8:33 AM 7/1/2020 – The #Covid19 #MunichCluster appears to be the #source of #infection as indicated by the #D614GMutation, and it has to be in the forefront of the #Epidemiological and #Criminal #Investigations of the #DiseaseX19

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from Covid-19-Review.



The #Covid19 #MunichCluster appears to be the #source of #infection as indicated by the #D614GMutation, and it has to be in the front of the #Epidemiological and #Criminal #Investigations of the #DiseaseX19

8:33 AM 7/1/2020

The Covid-19 Munich Cluster appears to be the source of infection as indicated by the D614G Mutation, and it has to be in the forefront of the Epidemiological and Criminal Investigations of the Disease X-19 – GS



Michael Novakhov – Posts on Twitter – 250 | Page 
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» mikenov on Twitter: tribuneindia.com/news/nation/gr
01/07/20 08:26 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
tribuneindia.com/news/nation/gr Posted by mikenov on Wednesday, July 1st, 2020 11:26am mikenov on Twitter
» mikenov on Twitter: » Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders: Groom dies, over 100 test positive for Covid after wedding in Bihar01/07/20 00:18 from Disease X-19 google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t
01/07/20 08:24 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
» Disease X-19 Epidemiology from Michael_Novakhov (39 sites): Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders: Groom dies, over 100 test positive for Covid after wedding in Bihar 01/07/20 00:18 from Disease X-19 google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t Pos…
» mikenov on Twitter: Covid-19-Review: 6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Hom… covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/635-pm
30/06/20 19:49 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Covid-19-Review: 6:35 PM 6/30/2020 – Biden: Trump Has Failed at Hom… covid-19-review.blogspot.com/2020/06/635-pm Posted by mikenov on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 10:49pm mikenov on Twitter
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @FFRAFAction: Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under grow
30/06/20 17:55 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under growing criticism over right-wing extremism in its ranks. << So many Nazis in *German* elite forces they must b…
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @YahooNews: Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika htt
30/06/20 17:54 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika yhoo.it/2NIEUFC pic.twitter.com/C21leQ2irg Posted by YahooNews on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:30pm Retweeted by miken…
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @CBSNews: Iconic lion statues outside New York Public Library wear giant face masks, reminding others to do the same https://t.co/JCw8Jk
30/06/20 17:53 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Iconic lion statues outside New York Public Library wear giant face masks, reminding others to do the same cbsn.ws/2YM630R Posted by CBSNews on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:39pm Retweeted by mikenov on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:53pm 1175 …
» mikenov on Twitter: RT @thehill: Question: “Do you think Russia should be allowed back into the G7?”Sen. Mitch McConnell: “Absolutely not.”&
nbsp;https://t.co/zxqq

30/06/20 17:53 from Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Question: “Do you think Russia should be allowed back into the G7?” Sen. Mitch McConnell: “Absolutely not.”  hill.cm/ZalyTHx pic.twitter.com/5y5ARTOXor Posted by thehill on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:40pm Retweeted by mikenov on Tuesday,…

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Selected and Editorial Posts

THE REAL COUP WAS IN 2016 | THE PSYCHOANALYSIS OF INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS

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The real Coup was in 2016, and it was performed by the corrupt, pro neo-Nazi oriented, Abwehr bought and subverted, the Rightist wing of the GOP, the Broidy-Manafort ring in its latest reincarnation; and by the other alumni of the Abwehr Law School, a.k.a. Roy Cohn’s Law Firm: Little Duce Giuliani, “dirty trickster” Roger Stone, and their circles, climbing and clawing their ways to Power and Money. And apparently, some officers of the New York Branch of the FBI were their ideological and operational “stormtroopers”. Search the Anthony Weiner sexting affair scandal as FBI operation, much under-researched, under-investigated, and under-publicized. 
If only a part of all these legitimate and well based suspicions and accusations against the New York branch of the FBI are proven or sufficiently demonstrated, this question would be quite legitimate: Was at least a part of the NY FBI branch corrupt, rotten, in Trump’s pocket, and under possible influences of the foreign agents? 

Investigate the “STORMTROOPERS” – the alleged “pro-Trumpists” within the NY branch of the FBI, and look into the general health of the whole branch. 

Investigate James Kallstrom and others! 

Investigate the Abwehr – Roy Cohn Law School and all its “graduates”. 

Investigate the political corruption in both parties. Investigate the corruption and failures within the FBI, and their root causes. The proof is in the pudding, sadly but undeniably. 

Michael Novakhov | 7:38 AM 11/26/2019 – Post Link
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Check out C-SPAN’s Impeachment Inquiry Page: https://www.c-span.org/impeachment | 
Post Link | C-SPAN has launched a new web page, c-span.org/impeachment, devoted to Congress’ impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump. The goal is to provide one-stop shopping for all of C-SPAN’s coverage of the inquiry, including the latest Hill tweets, various news conferences and hearings, and the Trump Administration’s response. 
» Saved Stories – None: C-SPAN Launches Impeachment Coverage Page
22/10/19 07:34 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
C-SPAN has launched a new web page, c-span.org/ impeachment , devoted to Congress’ impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump. The goal … Saved Stories – None

Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ In 25 Posts

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» Saved Stories – None: “Russian Intelligence services” – Google News: White House was warned about potential Russian bounties for killing US troops in early 2019 – ABC17News.com
30/06/20 18:26 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
White House was warned about potential Russian bounties for killing US troops in early 2019    ABC17News.com “Russian Intelligence services” – Google News Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: “Russian Intelligence services” – Google News: Mike Pompeo tells Taliban not to kill Americans amid scandal – Daily Mail
30/06/20 18:26 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Mike Pompeo tells Taliban not to kill Americans amid scandal    Daily Mail “Russian Intelligence services” – Google News Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: “Trump and Russia” – Google News: Suspicions of Russian Bounties Were Bolstered by Data on Financial Transfers – The New York Times
30/06/20 18:12 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Suspicions of Russian Bounties Were Bolstered by Data on Financial Transfers    The New York Times “Trump and Russia” – Google News Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: “trump russia treason” – Google News: Biden: Trump has failed at home on virus, abroad with Putin – KGNS.tv
30/06/20 18:12 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Biden: Trump has failed at home on virus, abroad with Putin    KGNS.tv “trump russia treason” – Google News Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: 366 pages of notes from Mueller investigation witness interviews released – CNN
30/06/20 18:11 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
366 pages of notes from Mueller investigation witness interviews released    CNN Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Naked Cowboy chased off by NYC protesters who say he was ‘antagonizing’ at City Hall
30/06/20 18:10 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Times Square’s guitar-slinging Naked Cowboy — who famously croons in little more than tighty-whities — drifted south to the anti-cop protests outside City Hall on Tuesday, but was quickly chased away by angry demonstrators who accused hi…
» Saved Stories – None: ‘Absolutely not,’ U.S. Senate Republican leader says on admitting Russia into G7 – Reuters UK
30/06/20 18:09 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
‘Absolutely not,’ U.S. Senate Republican leader says on admitting Russia into G7    Reuters UK Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Ukraine’s powerful Interior Minister Avakov under fire over police reform failures – Atlantic Council
30/06/20 18:09 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Ukraine’s powerful Interior Minister Avakov under fire over police reform failures    Atlantic Council Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Путин записал обращение на фоне мемориала Советскому солдату в Ржеве. Памятник похож на дементора, поэтому президента теперь называют Вован-де-Мортом – Meduza
30/06/20 18:08 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Путин записал обращение на фоне мемориала Советскому солдату в Ржеве. Памятник похож на дементора, поэтому президента теперь называют Вован-де-Мортом    Meduza Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: The Infodemic: Claim that US Engineered Coronavirus Debunked
30/06/20 18:08 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Fake news about the coronavirus can do real harm. Polygraph.info is spotlighting fact-checks from other reliable sources here​.   Daily Debunk Claim :   The novel coronavirus was intentionally engineered by the U.S. government in researc…
» Saved Stories – None: Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin – NBC 10 Philadelphia
30/06/20 18:06 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Biden: Trump Has Failed at Home on Virus, Abroad With Putin  &n
bsp; NBC 10 Philadelphia Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Trump’s ties to Putin under fresh scrutiny in wake of Russia bounty reports – The Guardian
30/06/20 18:05 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Trump’s ties to Putin under fresh scrutiny in wake of Russia bounty reports    The Guardian Pelosi on Trump: ‘With him, all roads lead to Putin’    POLITICO Analyst: Under Trump, Putin feels he can get away with murde…
» Saved Stories – None: mikenov on Twitter: RT @YahooNews: Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika htt…
30/06/20 18:04 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Two workers at an Ohio Little Caesars location were fired after making a pizza with the pepperoni arranged in a swastika yhoo.it/2NIEUFC pic.twitter.com/C21leQ2irg Posted by YahooNews on Tuesday, June 30th, 2020 8:30pm Retweeted by miken…
» Saved Stories – None: mikenov on Twitter: RT @FFRAFAction: Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under grow…
30/06/20 18:04 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Germany’s defence minister says she has ordered partial dissolution of elite KSK commando force, which has come under growing criticism over right-wing extremism in its ranks. << So many Nazis in *German* ‘elite forces’ they must b…
» Saved Stories – None: Russians hit the reset button for Putin, but questions of legitimacy linger over his long-term rule – CNN
30/06/20 18:02 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Russians hit the reset button for Putin, but questions of legitimacy linger over his long-term rule    CNN Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: AP: US probing if Russian bounties played role in killing of York County Marines – York Dispatch
30/06/20 18:01 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
AP: US probing if Russian bounties played role in killing of York County Marines    York Dispatch Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Biden: Trump has failed at home on virus, abroad with Putin – The Associated Press
30/06/20 17:58 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Biden: Trump has failed at home on virus, abroad with Putin    The Associated Press Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Trump views US troops as disposable – the Russian bounty scandal makes that clear – The Guardian
30/06/20 17:57 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Trump views US troops as disposable &ndas
h; the Russian bounty scandal makes that clear    The Guardian Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: О чем чаще всего говорит Путин в своих обращениях к народу – Реальное время
30/06/20 17:57 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
О чем чаще всего говорит Путин в своих обращениях к народу    Реальное время Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – sweden herd immunity: Latest Corona-related news in brief:
30/06/20 15:34 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
State health authorities had earlier exempted Swedish staff from being … ***Norwegians generally embrace vaccines , but more skepticism to a new … Google Alert – sweden herd immunity Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in animals: Living in COVID-19 times, let’s not make it ASF times too
30/06/20 15:33 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
And according to the latest Pork Checkoff Foreign Animal Disease Preparation Bulletin, ASF is continuing to make a dent in India, Poland, Asia and … Google Alert – coronavirus in animals Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus cardiac symptoms: ‘If doctors can face Covid, they can face anything’
30/06/20 15:33 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
From fearing a novel disease to learning how to work in full-body suits, … Dr Amarinder Singh Malhi, the assistant professor of cardiac radiology at the … Google Alert – coronavirus cardiac symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms: After Recovering From COVID-19, Patients May Require Neurological Testing
30/06/20 15:32 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
While SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID – 19 , is best known for … of hospitalized COVID – 19 patients experienced neurological symptoms . Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid 19 autopsy studies: Myocarditis in COVID-19: An Elusive Cardiac Complication
30/06/2
0 15:32 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)

Endomyocardial biopsy and autopsy studies are the gold standard but have been few and far between in patients with COVID – 19 . An autopsy series … Google Alert – covid 19 autopsy studies Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in new york post: NYPD chief of department blames shooting spike on bail reform, coronavirus and protests
30/06/20 15:31 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
NYPD seeking creep who punched 73-year-old woman in face on Bronx… New York Post . Entertainment. Jennifer Aniston and Lisa Kudrow have their … Google Alert – coronavirus in new york post Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus epidemiology: COVID-19 peak in India linked to consistent decline in daily death toll: Expert
30/06/20 08:02 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
( Epidemiology ) from McMaster University (Hamilton, Canada). “So, I don’t think we should be looking at it as one epidemic in India,” added Reddy, who … Google Alert – coronavirus epidemiology Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms: The sixteen symptoms of coronavirus reported by sufferers
30/06/20 08:02 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Experts say many coronavirus patients admitted to hospital have complained of neurological symptoms , such as headache, confusion, seizures, and … Google Alert – covid-19 neurological symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – new york times on coronavirus: Rethinking Indoor Dining in NYC
30/06/20 08:02 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The prospect of indoor dining comes as more New Yorkers are … The unease over a possible resurgence of the coronavirus in the New York area is … The words “I love you,” spoken for the first time , are milestones that let you know&nbs…
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus pulmonary symptoms: Chronic kidney disease patients likely to go undiagnosed due to Covid-19 pandemic
30/06/20 08:02 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The virus has been observed in kidney cells and experts suggest that Covid -19 infection might cause kidney injury. In addition, shortness of breath  … Google Alert – coronavirus pulmonary symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – Covid-19 and Rodents: E
xplainer: how is the vaccine pipeline for Covid-19 looking?

30/06/20 08:01 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The first are vaccines based on the inactivated Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus that causes Covid – 19 . The second class of vaccine is … It reported last month that this vaccine induced neutralising … Google Alert – Covid-19 and Rodents…
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in italy: Coronavirus pandemic: Rare syndrome linked to Covid-19 found in almost 300 kids, adolescents
30/06/20 08:00 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The U.S. studies published on Monday follow several reports of the syndrome among COVID -19 patients in France, Italy , Spain and Britain. Google Alert – coronavirus in italy Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military: Washington Is Still Putting the Military Before Public Health
30/06/20 08:00 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Washington Is Still Putting the Military Before Public Health … For that reason, this article, and all of our coronavirus coverage, is now free. … be cut with remarkable ease from US military spending and Americans would be far safer…
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in nursing homes: The Invisible Essential Workers
30/06/20 07:59 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
While concentrations of deaths in nursing homes have made the news across … Her client had tested positive for the coronavirus , yet the agency that … Google Alert – coronavirus in nursing homes Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus symptoms: COVID-19 can spread without people showing symptoms. How do we prepare for that?
30/06/20 07:59 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Goldberg and his colleagues decided they would test every resident for the coronavirus , just to be sure they were not inadvertently sending people with … Google Alert – coronavirus symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – new york times on coronavirus: What Coronavirus Researchers Can Learn From Economists
30/06/20 07:59 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Using randomization (by, say, flipping a coin to assign patients to a new … Unfortunately, randomized trials take time — which is a problem when doctors need answers now. … Patients hospitalized with critically ill Covid -19 infectio…
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military: Did the Military World Games Spread COVID-19?
30/06/20 07:06 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
A strong correlation exists in COVID -19 cases reported at U.S. military facilities that are home bases of members of the U.S. team that went to Wuhan. Google Alert – Coronavirus and US Military Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants: Labour shortages in the meat industry is perennial, says BMPA
30/06/20 07:05 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Up until the coronavirus crisis, it was difficult to recruit British workers into the meat industry due to a reluctance to take on this type of role and very low … Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders: Coronavirus: Switzerland to close ‘superspreader’ Zurich club
30/06/20 07:05 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Authorities in Zurich have announced the temporary closure of the city’s Flamingo Nightclub, the site of Switzerland’s first coronavirus ‘ superspreader ‘ … Google Alert – covid-19 superspreaders Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants: China bans imports from another three COVID-19-affected plants in Brazil
30/06/20 07:04 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
China’s General Administration of Customs has temporarily banned meat imports from three Brazilian meat plants over fears of the novel coronavirus . Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants: 14 test COVID-19 positive in Valencian meat-processing plant as factories become centre of …
30/06/20 06:53 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
A MEAT – processing plant in the Valencian Community has become the centre of a significant coronavirus outbreak after 14 workers tested positive on … Google Alert – covid-19 in meat plants Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus immunity: New test claims to measure protective immunity to Covid-19
30/06/20 06:49 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Tru- Immune by Ethos Laboratories is reportedly the first surrogate Viral Neutralisation Test (sVNT) to evaluate Covid-19 protective immunity in the … Google Alert – coronavirus immunity Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – Sars-Cov-2 origins: WHO to deploy team to China to investigate COVID-19 origins
29/06/20 20:50 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The World Health Organisation will send a team to China as part of an investigation into the origins of COVID-19 . The investigation will be part of a … Google Alert – Sars-Cov-2 origins Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus cardiac symptoms: MEN 70% AT RISK OF COVID-19 DEATH
29/06/20 20:50 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The co-existing medical conditions in males can be diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiac disease and asthma. Also, an enzyme called ACE2 (enzyme … Google Alert – coronavirus cardiac symptoms Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in new york post: A third of NY kids with Kawasaki-like disease had other medical woes: study
29/06/20 20:49 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
They concluded that further research could explore whether post – COVID -19 inflammatory syndrome exists among adults. Symptoms of the Kawasaki- … Google Alert – coronavirus in new york post Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus epidemiology: As infections surge, reopenings stumble
29/06/20 20:49 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
That’s a perfect environment for COVID-19 , said Johns Hopkins epidemiologist Caitlin Rivers. “As we all speak and cough and sing, we produce … Google Alert – coronavirus epidemiology Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus in italy: SARS-CoV-2 circulating in Italy in December 2019
29/06/20 20:35 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Researchers at the Istituto Superiore di Sanità ( Italian National Institute of Health) have shown that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 … Google Alert – coronavirus in italy Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – coronavirus origins: Coronavirus pandemic is not even close to being over: WHO
29/06/20 19:28 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
The WHO is sending a team to China next week to investigate the origins of the novel coronavirus , Ghebreyesus said. South Korea’s health authorities … Google Alert – coronavirus origins Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Google Alert – sweden herd immunity: Anders Tegnell, the man behind Sweden’s contentious coronavirus plan, has a legion of fans …
29/06/20 19:28 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
As the architect of Sweden’s controversial COVID-19 strategy, Anders … plan has been likened to a herd – immunity strategy — a charge he denies. Google Alert – sweden herd immunity Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests | Dark Daily darkdaily.com/multiple-studi…
29/06/20 19:28 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests | Dark Daily darkdaily.com/multiple-studi… Posted by mikenov on Monday, June 29th, 2020 6:47pm Saved Stories – None
» Saved Stories – None: Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests | Dark Daily darkdaily.com/multiple-studi…
29/06/20 19:28 from Saved Stories from Michael_Novakhov (1 sites)
Multiple Studies Raise Questions About Reliability of Clinical Laboratory COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests | Dark Daily darkdaily.com/multiple-studi… Posted by mikenov on Monday, June 29th, 2020 6:47pm Saved Stories – None

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Covid-19-Review